Here are 3 Ways to Treat Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that occurs in the long term. This disease causes disturbances in the thought process. This disorder causes sufferers to experience hallucinations, delusions, thinking confusion, and behavior changes. People with schizophrenia cannot tell the difference between fantasy and reality.
Not only that, people who have schizophrenia also often show chaotic behavior that causes them to be unable to control their behavior. As a result, people with schizophrenia often behave inappropriately, find it difficult to control their emotions, desires, and desires. In general, schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder that requires prolonged treatment to relieve symptoms.
According to WHO, it is estimated that more than 21 million people worldwide have schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia also had a 2-3 times higher risk of dying at a young age. In addition, half of those with schizophrenia are known to have other mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders.
Basically, the symptoms of schizophrenia vary, depending on the type and severity. There are some of the most prominent symptoms of this condition, including:
- Delusions, which are strong beliefs about something that is wrong. For example, feeling that other people want to harm or kill him. This symptom of schizophrenia will have a direct impact on the behavior of the sufferer.
- Difficulty concentrating, which is messy thoughts that make it difficult for people with this condition to concentrate or focus on one thing.
- Hallucinations, namely hearing, seeing, smelling, or feeling things that are not real. Most often they hear the clear voice of a stranger or a stranger.
- Confused thoughts and confusing speech. People with this condition find it difficult to organize their thoughts. Not only that, sufferers also often make words that don’t make sense and sound confusing.
Other symptoms of schizophrenia can also include:
- Don’t care about cleanliness and personal appearance.
- Difficulty sleeping or altered sleep patterns.
- Withdrawal from social circles, such as friends and family.
- Very sensitive and has a depressed mood.
- Conflict on the mind, it’s hard to make a decision.
To date, there is no cure for schizophrenia. The method of treatment is limited to controlling and reducing symptoms in sufferers. Some of the treatment methods to treat schizophrenia are:
To deal with hallucinations and delusions experienced, doctors will usually prescribe a low dose of antipsychotic medication. These drugs work by blocking the effects of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. However, One study found that taking CBD Oil 4 times a day for 4 weeks can improve psychotic symptoms.
Electroconvulsive therapy is the most effective method for relieving suicidal ideation, overcoming symptoms of major depression, and treating psychosis. Therapy is carried out 2-3 times a week for 2-4 weeks, and can be combined with psychotherapy and drug administration.
Psychotherapy is carried out so that the sufferer can control the symptoms they are experiencing. This therapy is combined with the administration of drugs. Several psychotherapy methods that can be used for people with schizophrenia include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy, which aims to change the behavior and thought patterns of sufferers.
- Cognitive remediation therapy, which is therapy that teaches people how to understand the social environment, and improves the ability to pay attention or remember something, and control their thought patterns.